Scotland’s True Monarch

Scotland’s True Monarch

Many of you will be aware that I had intended to present my Written Scottish Constitution and my Scottish Declaration of Independence to a member of the Scottish Royal Family, indeed, I was hoping to present it to the person I believed to be the rightful Heir to the Scottish Throne on the 700th Anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn, which would’ve been the 23rd and 24th of June 2014 (next week). However, there’s much confusion over which of my two leading contenders (if indeed any), had the strongest claim. However, I finally found the Royal with the strongest claim and she is no other a Royal personage than Sophie Elizabeth Marie Gabrielle von Wittelsbach. She is the eldest daughter of Duke Max in Bavaria and his wife, Countess Elizabeth Douglas. From her birth Sophie has been recognised by the Jacobites as a “Princess of England, Scotland, France and Ireland”. She used the title “Duchess in Bavaria”, but also bore the title “Princess of Bavaria”.

Hereditary Princess Sophie with her husband Hereditary  Prince Alois (above) and the whole Royal Family (below)

Sophie and her family

Prince Alois is presently the Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein, and eldest son of Hans-Adam II, the Reigning Prince of Liechtenstein and of his wife, Countess Marie Kinsky. After their marriage, Sophie and Alois apparently lived in London where Alois worked for a firm of chartered accountants. Learn more about them HERE and HERE and see where the Family Tree gives them a claim to the Scottish (and English!) Throne HERE You might prefer to read an Daily Express piece on them HERE

This came as a bit of a (pleasant), surprise, but came too late for me to arrange my publicity stunt! This was to be a presentation to the Royal that may have ascended the throne of Scotland in the event of us achieving Independence and the Scottish People choosing a Constitutional Monarchy.

I cannot now do this in all consciousness, as I no longer believe that the Royal Lineage that I once held to be true, is accurate. The original claims may yet prove to be of some merit, but I doubt at least one of them now and my latest research supports the broad consensus of academic opinion in favour of Princess Sophie.

I will send her my Written Scottish Constitution and my Scottish Declaration of Independence, on behalf of the Scottish People in any case, so that she gets it on the Anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn, with an accompanying note asking her to take her place amongst us as our Monarch and Head of State, which I’ll then print in full here and also video it being sent to her.

More on the potential Royal Family of Scotland soon!

Another image of Princess Sophie (more suitably dressed for our weather!), above.

My end quote for today:

“And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.”
― Thomas Jefferson

The Common Law Right to Travel in detail

The Common Law Right to Travel in detail

Many people asked me NOT to write this, however I’ve come to the opinion that it’s time this issue was examined in detail and the case law you’ll need, should you get into trouble exercising your ‘Right To Travel’, more fully explained.

Some of this information is readily available elsewhere, but the court cases the information was lifted from is not there, as often this kind of information is pushed around the internet without any real examination of the facts. To that end I’ve taken it upon myself to elaborate further and show you where you can find a wealth (literally!) of legal information for FREE.

Many people will have seen various videos on YouTube and elsewhere, regarding this issue. But precious few will have explained to you where you can get the ‘legal’ information you might need, especially if you want to avoid some time courtesy of Her Majesty’s Bed and Breakfast establishment’s scattered around the country!

I was influenced a very long time ago, by stories then circulating amongst friends of mine in the USA, about Charlie Sprinkle. More on Charlie can be found on my blog HERE Charlie has, sadly, passed away since I wrote that piece and I now feel I owe him a debt of gratitude for reminding me that, it’s often humble people from ordinary backgrounds that can affect the greatest change. So this article is inspired by Charlie Sprinkle.

Now, although this is dedicated to that great Californian champion, this article is aimed squarely at those people residing in the UK. Although, you can cite case law in a defence (and academic opinion) from almost anywhere.

The sources used for this piece include:- (British and Irish Legal Information Institute, a reference for many solicitors and law professionals in the UK), look up case law from almost anywhere in the world. Open to use by members of the public FREE. (the Governments’ own web site covering legal the full content of ‘statutes’ and ‘Acts’), covers legislation for Scotland, England, Ireland and Wales. Also FREE to use and extremely useful. I use it almost daily.

Halsburys Laws of England is another essential component in our quest for TRUTH, curently edited by Baron Mackay of Clashfern a Scot.

I urge you always to do your own research and the best place to start is by searching the database of Halsbury’s Laws of England here

The House of Lords, the UK parliament web site and many other sources (including YouTube) are useful too and these formed part of my overall research.

I will give you the exact case law, which you can then verify for yourselves that what I’ve put here is truthful.

Charlie Sprinkle’s entire court action is also available on-line, should my American friends wish to step-by-step follow his example, which is truly remarkable. See my earlier piece on Charlie and watch some videos of Charlie describing the process he used  HERE

Firstly, the case law you need to to study (in date order), are these:-

R v Donovan [1934] 2 KB 498 at 507, [1934] All ER Rep 207 at 210. In delivering the judgement of the Court of Criminal Appeal Swift J, said:-

“If an act is unlawful in the sense of being in itself a criminal act, it is plain that it cannot be rendered lawful because the person to whose detriment it is done consents to it. No person can license another to commit a crime.”

Justice Swift is telling us that, driving without government documents such as licences, MOT’s etc., cannot be ‘of itself criminal’, as the government licences these acts and therefore they cannot be criminal.

This is still a leading case, as can be seen from this document which can be found on The House of Lords’ website:

Ex parte Lewis (1888) 21 Q.B.D. 191 Wills J. said in regard to public right of passage:-

“The only ‘dedication’ in the legal sense that we are aware of is that of a public right of passage, of which the legal description is a ‘right for all Her Majesty’s subjects at all seasons of the year freely and at their will to pass and re-pass without let or hindrance.’ ”


This makes the point that you can travel freely and that you can pass without ‘let’ (to hinder or stand in the way of)  or ‘hindrance’ (obstruction). The phrase ‘without let or hindrance’, meaning, without impediment, something that is free to progress.

Read the whole piece in the context of the case at the House of Lords:

It’s often interesting to look up some of the other case law cited in a judgement too.

DPP v. Jones and Another [1999] Lord Irvine LC

“The law should not make unlawful what is commonplace and well accepted.”

Lord Irvine makes the point that, one day you were a farmer with a shotgun, the next you’re a criminal because you don’t have a license for it. (a license has been required since 1962). See

See this UK Parliament (House of Lords) document here for a full transcript of the case:

Interestingly, this article coincided with the News that, Khat is to become illegal in this country too (at the time of writing), so those people who have it in their possession from next week will become criminals!

These cases help our understanding of and help to define the ‘common law right to travel’ argument in the legal realm.

So there you have it, I hope that helps many people, including the Police and other law professionals themselves, as I’m sure many of then would rather be chasing/prosecuting real criminals.

Another common concern amongst many of you seems to be whether Solicitors act for you or the Courts… well this should help focus that argument and dispel another myth or two.

In the famous case of Batchelor -v- Pattison & Mackersy (1876) 3R914 which establishes that solicitors are officers of the court and owe the court various duties which can transcend duties owed to a client but generally when a counsel is employed the solicitor is bound to follow his instructions. In England the Rondel -v- Worley 1969 AC191 case established that solicitors “should not blindly follow counsel”.

This obviously has implications for questions of negligence when they arise in the context of the conduct of hearings. In the above case the client decided to sue his former solicitor in relation to his conduct of the trial claiming that his solicitor had been negligent. He advanced a human rights argument that he had been denied a fair trial because of negligence and claimed a miscarriage of justice had resulted. He did not aver that he would have been acquitted but for this negligence.

So there you have it, two myths dispelled for the price of one!

Many books on aspects of Law cost well over a £1,000 including Greens Litigation Styles and indeed ‘Halsbury’s Laws of England’ which costs a not inconsiderable sum of £10,100 for the latest 5th edition (at time of writing), yes, you read that correctly! See HERE. Yet we’re told that ignorance of the law is NO DEFENCE! How can we possibly understand the law when it’s prohibitively expensive to buy such books and they’re not available in my (or your), local library for the same reason? Of course this is a deliberate attempt to keep you in that state of ‘ignorance’, so that administrative courts can unlawfully steal your debt money.

By the way Lord Halsbury was a very interesting man and I’ll finish by quoting a piece from that excellent (though expensive!) work that bears his name:-

 “It is a constitutional principle that the assent of the Queen & Parliament is prerequisite to the establishment of a Court which can operate a system of administrative law in Her Majesty’s Courts in England. This was confirmed by Lord Denning during the debates on the European Communities Amendment Bill, HL Deb 08 October 1986 vol 480 cc246-95 246 at 250: “There is our judicial system deriving from the Crown as the source and fountain of justice. No court can be set up in England, no court can exist in England, except by the authority of the Queen and Parliament. That has been so ever since the Bill of Rights.”


So, even if you do get dragged to court over ‘alleged’  council tax, parking fines etc., you now know that administrative courts are unconstitutional and have no constitutional authority derived from parliament. They’re businesses, pure and simple. Don’t play their game.

I will be writing more on the contents of ‘Halsbury’s Laws of England’ soon, especially an in depth look at why there is NO authority for administrative courts in this country and no Act can be passed to legitimise them because of the constitutional restraints placed upon her Majesty at Her coronation (touched on in the above quote). Which means they can’t pursue you for Council Tax etc. I’ve stated many times, all taxes are voluntary! More on that coming soon, so look back.

In closing this article, you might want an understanding of the rules of OSCOLA (a guide to understanding and presenting/citing case law etc), by downloading the pdf quick guide HERE or a more in depth guide HERE

My end quote for this article is by LORD HALSBURY, HARDINGE STANLEY GIFFARD British statesman (1823 – 1921)

“My Lords, I have more than once had occasion to say that in construing a statute I believe the worst person to construe it is the person who is responsible for its draft.”
– 1902 Appeal Cases (p. 477)


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The Scottish Referendum – Declaration of Independence

The Scottish Referendum – Declaration of Independence

Well, here it is, a Scottish Declaration of Independence, yes, you can simply declare it, this includes my speech (which will form the Preamble to the Declaration when I hand it over), so that those people unfortunate enough not to be there can, at least, see the full unedited document!

I will publish the accompanying Written Constitution (which will raise a few eyebrows even amongst my supporters!), At the week-end. MORE SOON!

These documents have been written to offer the people of Scotland (and the rest of the world), a better way forward. Remember, politicians are OUR civil servants, don’t let them dictate the terms (or you will be conned again), put these forward instead (or something similar), to be voted on in a referendum for final acceptance. See the Constitution for details of how that should be achieved. HAPPY READING!


I stand here today as the representative and spokesman of the sovereign men and women of Scotland gathered here before you, and also as the one responsible for originating our Declaration of Independence that I will make to you in a moment. In writing that Declaration of Independence I looked at many such documents and was inspired by the truth of them. The list I looked at included our own Declaration of Arbroath, but that document was submitted to an authority that is part of the controls that are placed on all of us. I also looked at the American Declaration of Independence, having also been inspired by many of the words of the early founding fathers of America. I looked too at the Palestinian Declaration and the State of Israel’s Declaration, as well as many others written over the centuries.

Therefore, having declared my influences and having found those earlier documents apposite to our own cause, I have learned from them and, coupled with words reflecting the collective views of the Scottish Sovereign people and my own personal knowledge, distilled an essence of them, yet retained enough of our truth to make a unique document that should stand testimony to the passion and wishes of our people today, a new kind of freedom for the 21st century and beyond.

Many of you may not know that such documents have been written, and any potential for enlightenment is suppressed by the limits imposed on us by our schools curriculum and the propaganda fed to us by the mass media, which is controlled by the same persons who would seek to deceive us at every turn. The depth of this deception is so far reaching, so wide in its scope, that many of you will simply not believe the extent of it. Complicit in this betrayal of the people, are those who were elected to protect them. This conspiracy is worldwide.

I will not speak more of the deception here, as this is something that will be revealed to you in the fullness of time, however it is enough for you to know that many people throughout history have warned us of the perils of our ignorance, yet we chose not to listen to them. For we are not all endowed with the equal potential for wisdom, yet some have listened and indeed heard those words and now we act in all consciousness upon them.

Some of the many people who tried to warn us were former US Presidents and Prime Ministers and other great men of history, including President Lincoln, President Kennedy, Benjamin Disraeli – a former British Prime Minister and so many others. The list runs to thousands, and you owe it to yourselves to seek the truth of these matters which directly affects everything you are and everything you do. As a direct consequence of our blind ignorance we allowed the private financiers to take over the institutions of our Nations.

Therefore, I owe a great debt of gratitude to those Statesmen who have gone before me, for their words of inspiration and the nobility and eloquence of the speeches they gave. I would urge you all, wherever you reside in the world, to read those speeches again and HEAR the wisdom of it.

I have also written the Draft Constitution document that accompanies the Declaration of Independence, which I give to the Scottish People for their perusal and consultation, with a view to voting on the acceptance of it at a later date, perhaps on the Anniversary of Scotland’s own historic 9/11. This document will enshrine our rights and our responsibilities and will offer us protection from a recurrence of a system such as we have now, where our laws are being subverted for the benefit of a few wealthy financiers who seek to enslave us and future generations of this planet.

My own path to this place has been a long and arduous one, like many people of history the path towards enlightenment is fraught with hardships and it’s usually in those moments of despair that something is revealed to you, and so it was with me. I could see the injustice that surrounded me, especially when my Wife and I along with our young family were evicted onto the street following a period of low wages and rocketing inflation. When you’re standing in that position, in a supposedly free democratic country, with rights apparently given to us by the United Nations, yet, with no help from a state that, seemingly, couldn’t care less, slow realisation began to form in my mind that perhaps something was wrong, if a neighbour is in trouble, we go their aid; we don’t throw them into the street. A corner was turned and a painful lesson was learned. From that moment I resolved to find out why I suddenly seemed to have no rights because I had the audacity to be poor!

So it is that I now stand before you, 38 years later and a whole lot wiser, representing similarly minded sovereign people, in order to state to you here the ‘TRUTH’ of our sworn Scottish Declaration of Independence and the importance of a written constitution.

Whatever your views on Independence for Scotland, I ask you to remember all those who died for freedom all over the world, for those freedoms were short lived for none of us are truly free today, we are all chained to the debts that our governments run up, and we are slaves to that debt. Not just today’s generation but for many generations to come, unless we act. For whilst the ordinary folk slave to pay those national debts, those politicians and our other public servants, whose duty is to protect us, are complicit in the deception and indeed,  line their own pockets with the proceeds of their crimes against humanity.

In your heart you know that something is wrong with our systems of governance and our financial institutions, as I often hear people cry out for justice especially when it’s been denied them, for such is the great breadth of the deception that has been played on us all by these self-serving politicians and the other parasites that they foster relationships with, that the scale of this deception is truly global and affects almost all of the so-called ‘civilised’ world.

So it’s time to enter a bright new era, where there’s hope for us all, a new future free from all debt and where real justice and dignity for all can exist. But we need to grasp this opportunity now. Or the only people with a debt free existence will be those wealthy financiers who have enslaved us.

Join us in a peaceful, but loud voice that, tells the world that we the people of Scotland have had enough, we want to be free and make our country prosperous again, a country where the brains of the world will want to come, where a new enlightenment can begin and where we will have a country fit for an honest people.

I would also urge our English, Irish and Welsh neighbours to do the same and to declare themselves free people too, separate yourselves from your governments and the private banks that exert control over them and ultimately over you to, break the shackles that bind you and rise as rampant lions and sleep no more.

Before I go on to read the Declaration of Independence, I would like to finish in a long tradition of mine with a quote by a great statesman and former US President, Abraham Lincoln

“I am not bound to win, but I am bound to be true. I am not bound to 
succeed, but I am bound to live up to what light I have. I must stand with anybody that stands right, and stand with him while he is right, and part with him when he goes wrong.” 


Today I proudly stand with those who stand right, for I must stand with those who stand right, so then… hear our Proclamation on this the 700th Anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn, where Scotland’s freedom was won by the blood of her Sons, only to have that freedom sold by her corrupt politicians for English gold, nearly four centuries later.

Scottish Declaration of Independence

Whereas in the course of human affairs history has shown that it may become necessary for a people to dissolve the political and economic ties which have bound them to others, and

Whereas, in such event a respect for the opinions of mankind requires them to declare to other nations the causes which impel them to assume full responsibility for their own affairs:

We, The SOVEREIGN MEN AND WOMEN of Scotland, Do Hereby Declare: That, we are determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war and the corruption and deception of the Scottish people by those who would seek to control or govern us. At every stage of these oppressions we, the Sovereign People of Scotland, have petitioned for redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by recurring injury and treachery. A government and judicial system whose character is thus marked by acts which define Tyranny, is unfit to be the government of a free people. That we voted for Independence in a previous referendum and though a majority agreed, it was still denied us, thus making this Declaration today imperative; to highlight that treachery exists at every turn.

That it has become necessary to call for the secession and the establishment of a separate independent and sovereign free state of Scotland, in exercise of our right to self-determination and recalling the long struggles of our ancient ancestors and those of our fallen heroes, and now offer justice, freedom, equality, human dignity and political and economic emancipation, having resolved to establish a system of governance that upholds the rule of law, justice, democracy, human rights and respect for all.

That we can now succeed in our objectives because of those sacrifices of our fallen heroes and the long suffering of our people, and in the free will of those we speak on behalf of. For the rewards of our heroes and heroines lie in Scotland’s future and in the realization of a free people’s collective vision, and it is also in that future and in the realization of our vision. that we can begin to fulfil the dreams of so many. For this country, its institutions and its systems of law and governance, belongs to those people who inhabit it.

The land to the North of the British Isles is where the Scottish people were born, and where a Nation grew, developed and excelled. Nourished by an unfolding series of civilizations and cultures that came and went and inspired by a heritage rich in variety and kind, the Scottish people added to its stature by consolidating a union between itself and its English, Welsh and Irish neighbours, which was to our mutual benefit through two World Wars, that was to rob us all of an entire generation thanks to the scourge of the tyranny that we speak.

Thus, the Scottish people ensured for itself – by the industry of its diverse peoples and in a long and rich tradition – formed an everlasting union between itself, its land, and its history, an honourable tradition that continues to flourish today through the trade and invention of its remarkable people, despite those that would seek to destroy us through the use of deception, government controls and economic enslavement.

Our hearts are still heavy with some of the less lustrous memories of a history that, having resolved to overcome the treacheries of the past and face the future with a renewed sense of hope and in a spirit of forgiveness and reconciliation, we must be brave and wise enough to resist revisiting and instead we must embrace a more positive future. Forgiveness is the act of a merciful people and we must be lavish in our use of it. This should be combined with a period of new learning, so that the systems we devise to serve us do so as, we the people, would wish it.

We should never forget our past struggles, but, acknowledging the great sacrifices of our fallen will keep us consoled to be worthy of this new freedom and help us focus our energies on building a great new Nation, a Nation proud of its turbulent past, yet one which looks towards a future free from the shackles of indentured slavery that has fallen on us all. A Nation that will reflect the pride and achievements of its people, a Nation bound by the principles of economic and social advancement for all, a Nation through which the systems of sound governance and governed by the real consent of its people, will promote real freedom. But only if we don’t deviate away from the core objectives of our century’s long freedom struggle, or the sacrifices made by the many for us, will have been for nought.

We have stood resolute throughout that history, the Scottish people continued to forge its national identity, rising even to unimagined levels in its defence, as the threat of invasion, the design and greed of others, and the jealousy with which our oil and other national assets were eyed by Zionist bankers and usury agents and where financial powers sought to undermine and deprive the people of its political independence. Yet the undying connection between Scotland and its people secured for the land its character, and for the people its national genius.

In generation after generation, the Scottish people gave of itself unsparingly in the valiant battle for liberation around the world and in the heart of its homeland. There have been many rebellions in the heroic embodiment of our will for national independence, and now is the time for that struggle to prevail.  Despite historical injustice inflicted on the Scottish people resulting in their dispersion through the Highland Clearances and other infamous historic injustices, and attempts by money men in depriving them of their right to self-determination at various times throughout history, then today is the time to ensure that for those National heroes who made the ultimate sacrifice, we honour them and ourselves by declaring the right of the Scottish people to their sovereignty.

For in the course of modern times, a new world order has been thrust upon us, by a hostile array of local and foreign powers and the Scottish people have subsequently been excluded from the destiny that should, rightly, belong to them, as yet again unaided justice has been revealed as insufficient to drive those usurious agents, private financiers, conglomerates and the complicit politicians and other tyrants from our lands.

So let us now recreate ourselves, let us find new ways, new thinking and be ready to learn in order to adequately meet the many new challenges that will lie ahead. We should not take anything for granted. Instead every challenge should be considered an opening for even greater opportunities and triumphs. We must also beware those unscrupulous people who would seek to reapply the slime of the old bureaucracies during this transitional period.  We would seek to urge all of you to seize those opportunities when they come and accept the challenges of a much better future

For the people of Scotland have witnessed a long process which is destructive of those very precepts upon which our proud Nation has been built and now see those principles of Western democracy and responsible government corrupted by private financiers whose moral standards have pervaded all levels of our society. The people of Scotland must once again show the world, that whilst all that we cherished has become soiled by the dirty hands of a worldwide financial tyranny, that we can act to remove those people that shame us and restore faith in our ability to act as a responsible and trustworthy Nation.

The people of Scotland fully support their devolved government in their claim for sovereign independence but have witnessed the consistent refusal of the Government of the United Kingdom to accede to their entreaties; That the Government of the United Kingdom having thus demonstrated by their continual use of deception and propaganda, that they are not prepared to grant sovereign independence to Scotland, thereby persisting in maintaining an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.

Now Therefore, We The Sovereign People of Scotland,  in humble submission to the creator of the Universe, Almighty God who controls the destinies of all peoples and nations, the Supreme Judge of the Universe, do, in the Name, and by the Authority of the Sovereign People of Scotland and by this proclamation, solemnly publish and declare, that Scotland is and of Right, Free and Independent; that it’s Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and the global legal trade, that all political and economic connection between Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom’s of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as  a Free and Independent people, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do, so that the dignity and freedom of all men may be assured; thus we  adopt, enact and give to the people of Scotland this Scottish Declaration of Independence and the Draft Constitution annexed hereto. Now bound by our sworn oath, we mean to stand by this Scottish Declaration of Independence and its Constitution. For if our government should give up what we have begun, and agrees to make us or our kingdom subject to the Monarchy or Parliament of the United Kingdom or force us to become members of some other Union, then, we should exert ourselves at once to drive them out as our enemy and a subverter of our rights, and make some other man who was well able to defend us our Leader; for, as long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought again under foreign rule. It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we act, but for freedom — for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.


God save the People of Scotland


Given Under Our Hand on the 700th Anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn, Signed at Bannockburn on this the 24th day of June in the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand and Fourteen

Elected Leader of the Scottish Sovereign People

Elected Deputy Leader of the Scottish Sovereign People

The Signatories and seals of one hundred sovereign men and women of Scotland.

Note the piece below

Declarative theory[edit]

By contrast, the “declarative” theory defines a state as a person in international law if it meets the following criteria: 1) a defined territory; 2) a permanent population; 3) a government and 4) a capacity to enter into relations with other states. According to declarative theory, an entity’s statehood is independent of its recognition by other states. The declarative model was most famously expressed in the 1933 Montevideo Convention.

Article 3 of the Montevideo Convention declares that statehood is independent of recognition by other states. In contrast, recognition is considered a requirement for statehood by the constitutive theory of statehood.




In this very important year for the people of Scotland (2014, the year of our Independence vote), and in another break from tradition, I will let a video by Ronald Reagan (former US President), speak for me. Have a listen.

“A time of choosing” A speech by former US President Ronald Reagan

“I do not believe in a fate that falls on men however they act; but I do believe in a fate that falls on them unless they act.”  BUDDHA



What or who is the crown?

What or who is the crown?

Due to several court cases I’ve been involved with recently, as part of the ever-increasing amount of voluntary advocacy work I’ve undertaken (yes, voluntary, as I take no payments either in kind or through any advertising on the site), I’ve been asked that very question several times. The answer will amaze many of you and yet if you research the  matter further you will find the answer is there for all to see, but we just don’t question it.

So in an attempt to explain this interesting and little known fact (by the public at least), and to separate fact from fiction, I will give a concise explanation on ‘the crown’ and also refer you to the sources and references I used for this article.

I will be listing all my reference sources for each of my articles at the end of each feature, as a new method of encouraging my readers to research more themselves and thus have the confidence to argue their position from a better understanding of many real (and some contentious), authorities.

So, what or who is the crown? (This piece contains large parts of two article’s on this subject by two different authors that I read some years ago. I’ve since edited them together and added my own take on the matter, altering them both as a result. References to the original articles and the authors are listed below and additionally I’ve added new sources I’ve been reading recently and links in the text to the expanded original views by the respective authors of my earlier research. I’m aware that this is a departure from my own methods, but the writers of both views were already fascinating and well written and it seemed pretty pointless to write it again, as I’ve no new ‘slant’ to add).

“To the majority of people the words “Crown” and “City” in reference to London refer to the queen or the capital of England.” This is not the truth. The “City” is in fact a privately owned Corporation – or Sovereign State – occupying an irregular rectangle of 677 acres and located right in the heart of the 610 square mile ‘Greater London’ area.”  Des Griffin

As many of my own readers and followers are already aware, I believe the bankers took over the U.S. during the Roosevelt Administration (1901-1909), this is a view that’s widely held and many political and financial commentators have spoken out on the matter over the years since and many views on this turbulent period exist for your further edification, on the internet. Case law surrounding this period is also fascinating, especially with regards to the scope and depth of the deception by all those who were complicit in the betrayal of the people, by those elected to protect them!

When Rothschild front ‘J.P. Morgan’ controlled 25% of all American business, the stage was already set. In 1919, the Rothschild-dominated Bank of England planned to trick the United States into becoming a “British” colony again by joining the League of Nations. The League of the Nations, like the “British Empire”, was the bankers’ fiefdom, and this stratagem would merely formalize a colonial status which already existed. The League is in substance the Empire with America admitted on the same basis as other colonies at that time.

“Crown” refers to the owners of the Bank of England. Their identities are an official secret. According to E.C. Knuth (‘The Empire of “The City”: The Secret History of British Financial Power’ see references below), the “international financial oligarchy uses the allegoric ‘Crown’ as its symbol of power and has its headquarters in the ancient city of London… the giant Bank of England (which has no bank branches, unlike the Bank Of Scotland or Royal Bank of Scotland), a privately owned institution… is not subject to regulation by the British parliament and is in effect a sovereign world power.”

The Crown is the Inner City of London, which is an independent State in London (England) belonging to the Vatican system (who currently own It is a banking cartel which has a massive system around and beneath, which hides its true power. The City is in fact the Knights Templar Church, also known as the Crown Temple or Crown Templar, and is located between Fleet Street and Victoria Embankment. The Temple grounds are also home to the Crown Offices at Crown Office Row.

The Crown Temple controls the Global ‘Legal’ system, including those in the United States, Canada, Australia, and much more; this is because all Bar Associations are franchises of the International Bar Association at the Inns of Court at Crown Temple based at Chancery Lane in London. All Bar Associations are franchises of the Crown and all Bar Attorneys/ Barristers throughout the world pledge a solemn oath to the Temple, even though many may not be aware that this is what they are doing. Bar Association ‘licensed’ Solicitors / Barristers must keep to their Oath, Pledge and terms of allegiance to the Crown Temple if they are to be “called to the Bar” and work in the legal profession. The ruling Monarch is also subordinate to the Crown Temple, this as been so since the reign of King John in the 13th century when Royal Sovereignty was transferred to the Crown Temple and, through this, to the Roman Church. King John 1167-1216 is the key to this deception.

It was at the Chancel, or Chancery, of the Crown Inner Temple Court in January 1215 that King John was faced with the demands of the French/English Barons in England (mainly French), to confirm the rights enshrined in the Magna Carta. When he signed the Magna Carta in 1215 history records this as an event that extended human freedom, but the real effect was very different, as we shall see. The governments of the USA, Canada, Australia (and more), are subsidiaries of the Crown Temple and so is the US Central Bank the Federal Reserve, as are all Central Banks on the Planet and including the IMF World Bank.

It also has its own courts, its own laws, its own flag and its own police force, separate from the metropolitan police. City (crown/corporation) Police drive red Police cars and their uniforms are slightly different from the Metropolitan Police.

City Of London Flag
City Of London Police

Flag Of England
Metropolitan Police

It houses the privatised Bank of England, Lloyd’s of London, the London stock exchange, all British banks, the branch offices of 385 foreign banks and 70 US banks, as well as Fleet Street’s newspaper and publishing monopolies. It is also the headquarters for British Freemasonry.

It has a council of 12 members who rule the corporation under the lord mayor. The lord mayor and his/her 12 member council serve as proxies or representatives who sit-in for some of the worlds wealthiest, most powerful banking families.

When the Queen wishes to conduct business within the City, she is met by the Lord Mayor at Temple Bar where she requests permission to enter this private, sovereign state. She then proceeds into the City walking several paces behind the Mayor. Her entourage may not be clothed in anything other than service uniforms. The Queen bows to the Mayor only in the city. Outside of the city of London the Mayor bows to her.

See more on this subject HERE

The City of London is the only part of Britain over which parliament has no authority. In one respect at least the Corporation acts as the superior body: it imposes on the House of Commons a figure called the Remembrancer: an official lobbyist who sits behind the Speaker’s chair and ensures that, whatever our elected representatives might think, the City’s rights and privileges are protected.

In 1886, Andrew Carnegie wrote that, “six or seven men can plunge the nation into war without consulting Parliament at all.” Vincent Vickers, a director of the Bank of England from 1910-1919, blamed the Corporation/City for the wars of the world.

The City therefore, is not a part of England, just as Washington is not a part of the USA. The City is often referred to as the wealthiest square mile on earth, because it is!

You may want to get a view on what ‘crown dependencies’ are, see HERE for additional information on this matter see references at the end of the article.

In the nineteenth century, over 90% of the world’s trade was carried by British ships controlled by the Crown. The other ships had to pay commissions to the Crown simply for the privilege of using the world’s oceans!

The Crown reaped billions in profits while operating under the protection of the British armed forces. This was not British commerce or British wealth, but the Crown’s commerce and the Crown’s wealth. As of 1850, author Frederick Morton estimated the Rothschild fortune to be in excess of $10 billion. Today, the bonded indebtedness of the world is held by the Crown.

The aforementioned Temple Bar is the juristic arm of the Crown and holds an exclusive monopoly on global legal fraud through their Bar Association franchises. The Temple Bar is composed of four Inns of Court. They are; the Middle Temple, Inner Temple, Lincoln’s Inn and Gray’s Inn. The entry point to these closed secret societies is only to be found when one is called to their Bar.

The Bar attorneys in the United States owe their allegiance and pledge their oaths to the Crown. All Bar Associations throughout the world are signatories and franchises to the International Bar Association located at the Inns of Court of the Crown Temple.

The Inner Temple holds the legal system franchise by license that bleeds Canada and Great Britain white, while the Middle Temple has license to steal from America. To have the Declaration of Independence recognized internationally, Middle Templar King George III agreed in the Treaty of Paris of 1783 to establish the legal Crown entity of the incorporated United States, referred to internally as the Crown Temple States (Colonies). States spelled with a capital letter ‘S,’ denotes a legal entity of the Crown. Which is why in all my articles on the federal states of America, I differentiate between them with the use of capitalisation. Indeed the ens legis use of capitalisation of names is the most insidious practise of them all, as the con was harder to spot as a result of its widespread use in all manner of ‘legal’ documents.

At least five Templar Bar Attorneys under solemn oath to the Crown, signed the American Declaration of Independence. This means that both parties were agents of the Crown. There is no lawful effect when a party signs as both the first and second parties. The Declaration was simply an internal memo circulating among private members of the Crown. Most Americans believe that they own their own land, but they have merely purchased real estate by contract. Upon fulfilment of the contract, control of the land is transferred by Warranty Deed. The Warranty Deed is only a ‘colour of title.’ Colour of Title is a semblance or appearance of title, but not title in fact or in law. The Warranty Deed cannot stand against the Land Patent.

The Crown was granted Land Patents in North America by the King of England. Colonials rebelled at the usurious Crown taxes, and thus the Declaration of Independence was created to pacify the populace.

Another method used to hoodwink natural persons is enfranchisement. Those Bank or Credit cards in your wallet bearing your name spelled in all capital letters means that you have been enfranchised and have the status of a corporation. A ‘juristic personality’ has been created, and you have entered into multi-variant agreements that place you in an equity relationship with the Crown. The juristic/juridical person is now well established in law. Check out ‘juristic person’ HERE.

These invisible contracts include: birth certificates, citizenship records, employment agreements, driver’s licenses and bank accounts. It is perhaps helpful to note here that contracts do not now, nor have they ever had to be stated in writing in order to be enforceable by Scottish (or American judges). If it is written down, it is merely a written statement of the contract. Indeed in Scotland a whole contract can be implied and some terms and conditions added too!

Western colonization is widely taught in school history courses, so it need not be repeated here. One key aspect of the colonial period is generally omitted or skimmed over from the more basic history courses. This is the fact that all the Crown colonies were established on a corporate model with financial ties to the City of London – not the nation of England or Britain. The island of Britain is a crown colony, the City of London is not.

It’s no surprise that, the government controls the school curriculum, so you get taught what your supposed to believe from an early age, so that by the time you’ve reached maturity, you’ve accepted the generally held beliefs regarding our financial, legal and indeed our more general history. History belongs to the victors remember.

The directorate of the Crown, whoever they were, had no loyalty to any nation – they were, and are, devoted entirely to their philosophy which seeks absolute power over an earthly realm. For more than 250 years, the servants of the Crown brought untold wealth back from the colonies to the British Isles – for themselves: the population of the United Kingdom (English, Scottish, Irish and Welsh) received very little wealth even though they provided the tax base and the cannon fodder. Something that is particularly important to keep in mind during this week of Remembrance (when I wrote/edited this article). What did all those people who fought in these colonial  ‘wars’ really fight (and indeed die) for? How many knew their real purpose and why they were there and would they have so willingly gone if they new the real truth of their masters’ will?

The people were invaluable assets of the Crown, but they knew not what they served – and many still don’t. (None are more hopelessly enslaved than those who believe they are free). Historian Jeffrey Steinberg could be referring to the US, Canada and Australia when he writes, “England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, are today little more than slave plantations and social engineering laboratories, serving the needs of the Crown/City of London. Understand that there were many dissenting voices (including those of judges, politicians and financiers), but, they were merely written out of history – at least temporarily!

So next time you’ve been hoodwinked into acting as surety or guarantor for your legal fiction name, remember who exactly your paying a parking or speeding fine to (or some other ‘charge’ for money), it’s merely court ‘business’ get it?

More soon, thanks for reading: James of the family Gillan

Some of this content came from this article by Mark Owen:

Read more on all this HERE

Other Reference sources included:-

Des Griffin – ‘Descent Into Slavery?’ This book can be purchased on Amazon HERE

E.C. Knoth – ‘The Empire of “The City”: The Secret History of British Financial Power’ This book can also be purchased on Amazon HERE

Frederick Morton  – The Rothschilds: Portrait of a Dynasty ISBN 1-56836-220-X )

Mark Owen – find him at http//  (along with a raft of adverts and other ‘fun’ stuff!)

You might also want to read these sources:-

This last reference is an interesting legal read: The Crown as Corporation – by Frederic Maitland 1901 – Law Quarterly Review 17 (1901) pp. 131-46.

My end quote for this piece comes from Benjamin Disraeli

“So you see, my dear Coningsby, that the world is governed by very different personages from what is imagined by those who are not behind the scenes”.
–Disraeli, Prime Minister of England during Queen Victoria’s reign.



I’ve had hundreds of emails from all over the world on the subject of WHAT IS MONEY?, and if we don’t have ‘legal tender’ what do we have? Well, the answer is very easy to understand once you learn a little history, however to spare you from that, I’ve decided to try and simplify it more by referring you to a YouTube video I came across recently in my research on another subject. What makes this a little more unusual for both YouTube and my own departure from ‘credible’ sources, is that’s it’s by a Member of the European Parliament here in the UK, who is telling you the truth for once!

Now that’s amazing enough, but the video is right up there with Paul Grignon and others whom I admire greatly, so this could be an MEP to actually vote for! Wow! Someone I could actually vote for, I never thought I would hear myself say that again!

Here’s the video, the speaker is Godfrey Bloom MEP (UKIP) Look at more Videos of him HERE on YouTube.

This video is called: Money-printing scam at taxpayer expense – Godfrey Bloom MEP

He’s so good I’ve decided to add another one for you…

This video is called: Why the whole banking system is a scam – Godfrey Bloom MEP

This blog post was written in response to replies from an earlier post HERE on LEGAL TENDER ISSUES AFFECTING SCOTLAND

If you’re new to my blog I always like to finish on a quote and in honour of this startling piece on honest politicians, I think you’ll find the end quote quite apposite! Call it the politicians quote, for it comes from one of the true greats of politics.

“I am not bound to win, but I am bound to be true. I am not bound to 
succeed, but I am bound to live up to what light I have.” 
― Abraham Lincoln





In response to several emails I’ve received on this subject, where I’ve been asked if I can list the 20 point draft proposal for my written constitution and policy document, should Scotland achieve Independence, well here’s the points I will be discussing, in no particular order.

It should be remembered that, this proposal is mine, but I’m suggesting it should be yours too, feel free to suggest other ideas to widen the discussion. Anyway, here’s my thoughts on the matter for your delectation:

The Policy ideas

1. A written out Constitution explaining our lawful rights and obligations. Our constitution could be based on the Southern Irish constitution this would be taught to all our citizens in primary school and again as a fourth year subject, where it would serve them through their adult lives, after they’ve left school. Everyone should know their rights. These rights would be indefeasible rights that can’t be taken away from us or diminished by any later law.

Much of the Irish Constitution could be adopted as it stands, with a few alterations and additions to cover the systems that I would like to see us agree to.

2. Set up a Constitutional Republic this is NOT the same as a Democratic Republic.

Thomas Jefferson stated “An ELECTIVE DESPOTISM was not the government we fought for; but one which should not only be founded on free principles, but in which the powers of government should be so divided and balanced among several bodies of magistracy, as that no one could transcend their legal limits, without being effectually checked and restrained by the others.”

3. A system of law based on common-sense, real life decisions made by Judges. A common law system based on fairness and justice. An equitable system where judges and politicians and everyone who acts with our authority and can also be held to account.

The introduction of other laws, where these are conducive to the new society (which will NOT be the law society). Protection for the innocent, unborn child, abortion should not be used as a from of ‘birth control’. This would be in the Constitution.

Our ‘society’ would have a NAME and it’s own constitution, which would include an exit clause, for those people who no longer wanted to be a part of it.  The default position would be that, you were a member, but when you reach the age of 21 years of age, you could choose to stay or leave. You will be offered full disclosure (another opinion HERE) at the age of 16 years and be educated in what this means when you make contracts with people in adult life.

4. No politician shall serve more than 4 years in office. This gives more people the opportunity to be an active participant in our society, and reduces the risk of corruption by those whose sole purpose is to serve the people, not to profit from them or deceive them.

5. A political and legal #amnesty, this would be necessary, as many people have been deceived (including politicians) and they’ve been victims too of our existing political and judicial systems.

6. Referendums for all major decisions affecting changes in the systems of law etc., that we agree. This returns the power to the people at a stroke. Other checks and balances on our agreed system of law that may be necessary to ensure true justice for all.

7. Education would also be free for all, to University standard and beyond. Investment in our youth, not abandonment is vital to the future prosperity of our country. We would also immediately cancel all student debt and default on all debt notes, as this debt was obtained without full disclosure being offered to the people of Scotland.

This would wipe out our National ‘debt’ (which is mostly interest) and is keeping us all enslaved by way of punitive taxes on the poor.

8. All jobs of equal merit, and those who choose to work for the new society get four times the amount of money than those who choose not to work. This is funded by the fact that, we’ll no longer have debt notes and economic slavery, but rather, lawful money (this is money issued by a treasury that, would be set up in an Independent Scotland, with real assets like Gold and Silver, purchased by the sale of our exports, oil and gas and other wealth. Not fiat money, which is money with no intrinsic value, like we have now), and all deposits guaranteed by the full faith and credit of our Nation.

Horace Greeley wrote of the National Bank Act in 1872:

“We have stricken the shackles from 4 million human beings and brought all laborers to a common level, not so much by the elevation of the former slaves as by practically reducing the whole working population, white and black, to a condition of serfdom. While boasting of our noble deeds, we are careful to conceal the ugly fact that by our iniquitous system, we have nationalized a system of oppression which, though more refined, is not less cruel than the old system of chattel slavery”

9. We would also have a period of positive migration, in order to attract the best brains from all over the world to come to Scotland and help us prosper further. The best people in the world would come in any case, as here they would be completely free.

A real free market economy created, more on this soon, as this is a topic that could take up as much space as this whole article! However the best example I’ve found to date on this can be found at the Library of Economics and Liberty HERE.

We would become a tax haven for worldwide governments, so that they too could earn interest, reducing their own debt burden. No inflation or deflation either, as we would be free from the clutches of the central banks. We would be one of the wealthiest Nations in the world!

10. Separate the church from the state, as religion should not be allowed to influence the new society directly, through the use of their wealth or power. Churches would, of course, still be allowed to influence their own followers, who would, in turn, be active participants in the new politics.

No large corporate businesses or trades unions would be allowed to have a ‘block vote’, instead everyone’s vote would be counted separately. There would be NO cash for questions scandals, because we each vote on the proposed changes ourselves. Power to the people, not corporate bodies. This would NOT be a simple majority vote, but would require a substantial majority to change something e.g. 75%. More on why this should be soon, but read Thomas Jefferson ELECTED DESPOTISM for an explanation of why this is  an important concept.

11. The care of our environment would also be a top priority and we would immediately move to abolish the #fluoridation treatments of our water and other serious environmental issues that, affect the health and well being of our people. See today’s News on Smog for example, affecting Singapore and Indonesia, should you need further convincing.

12. Infrastructure: We would embark on an immediate plan to improve our hard and soft #infrastructure, thus providing much needed jobs and other benefits to the prosperity and well being of our Nation.

13. Freedom of choice on the foods and herbs you want to eat and the method of travel you want to use and other personal freedoms. These are real freedoms, without asking for permissions (permits), or registering (begging), to use anything. With all freedoms comes responsibilities too, of course. This too will be covered in greater depth shortly.

14. Free healthcare for everyone of any age. Proper care for our most vulnerable people and real accountability for anyone who fails them.

15. Abolish our existing local councils and other quangos, move these people to more constructive work (if they want to work), where they too will get greater job satisfaction, so we can all benefit.

16. No reprisals against those who may have unwittingly taken part in the Grand Deception, this would include the Police and minor Politicians and other authority figures.

Senior politicians and Policy Enforcers who were aware of the deception, to be tried for fraud, corruption, treason and war crimes. See my main web site for all you need to know on this or indeed do your own research

17. Adoption of the UN Human Rights and much of the ECHR within our own Constitution. This is the real reason that #UKIP and the Tories want out of Europe or in the case of the Tories ‘a re-negotiation’, it’s also why many Europeans don’t understand why we’re against the #ECHR articles, as they safeguard our human rights.

18. No one shall be above the laws we make, but will be bound by the law. The Police will protect us from harm and not be the slave drivers and enforcers of the politicians. No longer will we live in a Police State.

19. Financial Institutions set up along the lines of those proposed by many historical figures like Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Jackson and many others. Move away from the centrally owned private banks to a system based on that of the North Dakota Bank in the US and other similar banking agencies. I have already commented on this in-depth HERE

20. Food: Using the #Permaculture System and other progressive, modern, safe farming techniques, we make the Farmers’ life easier and in turn give us a food system free of #pesticides that, can be grown almost anywhere. This has also been posted in an earlier article HERE, where I’ve got links to many other useful commentators on the subject.

It is important to realise that, these are merely ideas, cultivated over many years of reading opinions of many learned and enlightened people whom I’ve much admired for their insight and wisdom. However, I would be more interested to hear your own ideas. If we can collectively come up with several different suggestions and new solutions to improve our quality of life, then perhaps these can be offered to the Scottish People for their consideration and, ultimately, their approval of at least the most important of them.

If such a constitution should ever materialise, then I truly believe a period of sustained prosperity and peace could follow. We could enjoy a truly utopian dream. All from simply removing ourselves from the constraints of an interest and debt ridden banking culture that, keeps us all enslaved. Just think no more taxes, no bedroom tax, no council tax, no tax on your wages. Lawful Money and not ‘debt notes’ can truly set us all free.

Happiness, quality of life, personal well-being and personal freedom. This is what those people throughout our history have been trying to tell us was achievable, we chose not to listen, we chose to make war on others, we made a mess of our environment, we ate the cancerous foods we were told was ‘healthy’, we became like blind sheep, we were sold down the river by unscrupulous, greedy people. All because we were controlled and programmed to obey by our overlords and masters that, controlled all the systems of governance mentioned above.

You’ve now read this pre-amble, I urge you to set yourselves free, don’t be a sheep, live your life as the proverbial lion, eat the Shepard, don’t eat their grass and leap those fences that keep you constrained! Follow your own path and live life truly free from the stresses and foods that are killing us all. Don’t be an economic slave for the rest of your life, shake of your apathy it CAN happen. Yes, it CAN happen, really!

So make your voice count at the #referendum for an Independent Scotland, even if you don’t like politics (which affects everything you do), even if you don’t like voting or the SNP or you support ‘staying together’. Put your family and our future generations first, remember the heroes of Scotland’s rich cultural past, who fought for your Freedom and where you were then deprived of it, by those who sought to deceive and control us. Do not let those who died for our freedoms be forgotten, be their voice too. Choose to say YES! to a better future together, as a FREE and independent Nation, do not be a slave any longer, shake off the shackles of tyranny, be the voice for truth. Then when the chance comes to discuss a constitution or policy matters which affect us all, for real, remember what you’ve read here and insist on getting the changes we want implemented! It CAN happen, we must all vote for it, then these changes will come to pass… I will it… you must will it… you must vote for it, say YES! to it… then it will happen!

Do not allow yourself to be further deceived in the forthcoming independence debate, watch out for the ‘parcel of rogues’ (Rabbie Burns derided those members of the Parliament of Scotland who signed the Act of Union with England in 1707, comparing their treachery to the country with the tradition of martial valour and resistance commonly associated with such historic figures as Robert the Bruce and William Wallace), or ‘sold for English Gold’ should history seek to repeat itself and deprive us all of our Freedom once again. Particularly watch out for factions that would seek to grasp power away from us during the months that follow, should we succeed in our right to self-governance (that’s NOT what we have now). Freedom is more than just a word, let it guide your heart and also become your way of life. May the spirit of William Wallace whisper in your ear and stir your conscience and provoke your positive response!

More on Articles 17 and 18 soon (and indeed the others too), I intend to discuss all the articles in greater depth. But now you have my full agenda for those points up for discussion.

I’ll leave you with this thought from Friedrich Durrenmatt

“Before anything else, we need a new age of Enlightenment. Our present political systems must relinquish their claims on truth, justice and freedom and have to replace them with the search for truth, justice, freedom and reason.”
Friedrich Durrenmatt 

Let’s get the debate started now, please re-tweet this and ‘like’ it in Facebook, widen the scope now, for failure to do so will let the treasonous elite that presently govern us, continue to control and subdue us through their corrupt systems of banking, government and law that, we are enslaved in at present.

More soon.James-Neely: Gillan





I’ve written many articles and short stories for my blog, some of which I believe could form the basis of a draft written Constitution for Scotland, should we achieve Independence. Other newer ideas I’ve had for this subject also appear below. The numbering of these articles is not to be confused with any preference for the ‘order’ in which they appear, rather they merely represent the order in which I’ve approached them for this pre-amble. I’ve included links to my own older posts on these matters and also interesting opinion elsewhere on the internet, including many conflicting views, as I believe any idea you put forward to the general public should be able to withstand close scrutiny. I’ve started using hash tags extensively in my articles, as these are now click-able from within Twitter posts and Facebook, making it attractive to me for many editorial and educational reasons.

The post on the 12th June 2013 regarding #PERMACULTURE would form the basis of our main agricultural policy and everyone who could use some garden space would be encouraged to do this too. This would in turn, decrease our dependence on Corporate business and make the cost of our food far cheaper. This would also have the added advantage of assisting our Farmers and helping them to achieve maximum yields for little real effort. Everyone would benefit. I shall call this policy my ‘Article 20. Food Policy: Permaculture’.

Article 19. Currency: A means of exchange.

There’s much misinformation on the subject of ‘legal tender’ and I would ask you to consider the following simple explanation of it, without (hopefully) sounding too patronising:-

Legal tender is any form of payment that must be accepted for a #debt, in other words you are FORCED to accept Bank of England (read about Scottish notes HERE), notes and coins instead of something tangible and of real value like Gold or Silver or indeed anything the parties agree, to settle a debt. Generally, the term refers to government issued notes and coins, as opposed to credit, #cheques, or credit cards, as these forms of payment are, in effect, paying for a debt with another form of debt! You should also be aware of the terms circulating and non-circulating legal tender, especially if you’re a coin collector.

The laws surrounding legal tender have proved vital in the formation of the fiscal policy of many nations, thus preventing the use of foreign currency to pay debts, which may be intrinsically, of even greater value. You might want to read this Daily Mail article on why Arizona is now trying to make Gold and Silver legal tender to avoid the feared collapse of the Federal Reserve Note (FR Note, NOT a Dollar), you will also note that the Federal Reserve Note may be exchanged for ‘Lawful Money’! Look at it very closely. Whilst it may come as no surprise to those readers who are more aware of the Central Banks and their private owners, of this decision HERE to veto that idea! For a view on the Federal Reserve Note and what lawful money is READ THIS.

Before I discuss a few situations that you might find yourself in due to ‘legal tender’ issues, what many people fail to understand is that, legal tender is not a means of payment that, ‘must be accepted by the parties to a transaction’, but rather a legally defined means of payment that should not be refused by a creditor in satisfaction of a debt.

For example, in a shop, legally you offer to buy something from the shop (the shopkeeper isn’t legally offering to sell you something, only advertising his willingness to consider any offers). The shopkeeper can decline your offer for any reason, or none at all. However, in a restaurant where you’ve already eaten the meal, you’ve incurred a debt and you can use ‘legal tender’ to discharge the debt of the meal you’ve just had. The reason it’s a debt is that, you’ve not paid for it yet (usually you don’t pay for a meal in a restaurant until after you’ve eaten it).  Although, if you had rushed in without having looked at the menu (the offer), ordered and ate the meal, and then discovered the menu stated that, payment should be made in bags of silver dust or corn fed hogs, then you could be charged with theft. Unless you happened to have bags of silver dust or a herd of corn fed hogs with you, of course! An offer forms the basis of the contract, which was accepted when you ordered the meal.

If you drive into a car park that, has a ‘Notice’ on it advertising it’s prices and you park there, you’ve accepted the offer and are required to pay by coins of the value stated. However, if you park on a road or railway station that has a Ticket Machine that’s faulty, and then get a Penalty Notice, as you could not buy a ticket due to the machine being out of order and rejected your coins. Then any alleged debt was extinguished, as their agent (the ticket machine) refused the legal tender payment and also the implied agreement that, parking is free when machines are broken, as has always been the case. Remember also that, the company wouldn’t want to be forced into an additional heavy cost of certifying the correct operation of a computer (the ticket machine), as would be necessary to collect any debt involving a machine!

Finally, by way of another example, if you are visiting your bank to pay off your overdraft, the bank doesn’t have the right to turn your money away if it is ‘legal tender’, they must accept it. FORCED remember?

Hope all that helps you next time you have a discussion on ‘money’ or contracts anywhere.

Now, you might just be of the opinion that legal tender is a good idea, as we could just force that method on everyone. Well, you need to consider why currencies and inflation are destroying your standard of living and your savings. This comes about because we have nothing of value to back up our currency. This is called a fiat currency. You might be interested to know that Scottish and Northern Ireland Banks keep money in reserve in order to meet any potential threat of a run on a Bank and to cover the circulation of Scottish and Irish Notes. However, these Banks use very large denomination uncirculated notes called Giants and Titans to back up their lending. These are merely paper notes with face values of £1 million and £100 million respectively! Monopoly money, again no real tangible assets. Check out the Bank of England’s web site HERE for more on backing assets and #Giants and #Titans

So, what does all that mean for us in Scotland within the proposal for my draft #constitution? What form of ‘discharging a debt’ or paying for something should we choose? Simple, we create #lawful-money! This is money created by having a ‘tangible asset’ that backs our currency, usually and historically, this would be gold or silver and is backed by our Governments obligation to pay.

You or an elder relative may remember having silver coins when you were younger. e.g. #silver-threepence, #silver-sixpence, #silver-florin, #silver-half-crown, #gold-sovereign etc.

So we need to adopt our own #currency, this could be called the Scottish Pound Sterling (sterling=silver), or something with a Scottish name like ‘#Groat’ or how about a Scottish Dollar? This would be bringing it back to Europe where the word originates and was used for hundreds of years. See #Thaler for more on that subject and Wikipedia’s definition HERE.

Finally, you need to be familiar with the role of a Sovereign or State Bank e.g. Russian and Chinese State Banks, the North Dakota Bank and earlier Australian Banks, also the role of a real Treasury. This will be the subject of a later article, as it’s a complex subject too, although, I will try to make it a little more digestible! However, basically this is where the actual ‘money’ is deposited and where those same deposits are guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the State, but unlike the debt notes we currently have, these will be free of debt and so will be lawful currency and not ‘legal tender’.

When the then President of the US Andrew Jackson heard that the American congress had voted to renew the charter of The Second Bank of The United States, Jackson responded by using his veto to prevent the renewal bill from passing, he gives us an example of how we can all be free by changing the banking methods (same then as they are now), and move away from the power of the Central Banks. This is how we become free…

“If government would confine itself to equal protection, and, as Heaven does its rains, shower its favour alike on the high and the low, the rich and the poor, it would be an unqualified blessing. In the act before me there seems to be a wide and unnecessary departure from these just principles.”

Andrew Jackson former US President 

READ THIS for an explanation of why this is the case. These arguments will be more fully explained and explored in my next blog. Jackson (of Scots-Irish descent), was also the last US President to clear the entire US national debt!

The above article forms the basis of my Article 19: Currency and Government Banks.

“Labour was the first price, the original purchase – money that was paid for all things. It was not by gold or by silver, but by labour, that all wealth of the world was originally purchased.”
Adam Smith


Discussion document for Articles 18 and 17 on ARTICLES TO FORM A DRAFT WRITTEN CONSTITUTION FOR SCOTLAND coming soon.

Written by: James-Neely: Gillan



Before I continue with my main article please sign this epetition to introduce a ‘Greenback Pound’ if you don’t understand what this is, then please read my follow up article (below), on President Lincoln’s #Greenback solution to debt and also President Kennedy’s re-introduction of Lincoln’s Greenback in 1963.

I discussed in my last post President Lincoln’s ‘Greenback’ plan HERE for ridding America of its debt problems (and we should also adopt it too), you may be interested to to know that President Kennedy issued his US Notes for much the same reason as Lincoln did. On June 4, 1963, President Kennedy signed Executive Order 11110, which authorized the US Treasury to issue a new form of silver certificate.

American Greenback

Kennedy’s Silver Certificate Greenback


Kennedy then issued $4,292,893,825 of cash money; free of debt and free of interest. It was a sufficient amount to allow the nation to operate without the private Federal Reserve. Just 5 months later, JFK was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald. Almost immediately after Kennedy’s death, the US Notes were pulled out of circulation and destroyed except for a few samples in the hands of private collectors.

A telling clue lies in the fact that the Warren Commission, now widely understood to have been a cover-up, counted among its seven members John J. McCloy, who had served as head of the World Bank and President of Chase Manhattan Bank.

Subsequent examination has shown that Kennedy’s Executive Order 11110was never rescinded. That would have taken an act of Congress, and in the atmosphere of near deification of JFK following his death, that would have brought more public attention to what Kennedy had wanted to do.

E.O. 11110 was not reversed by President Lyndon B. Johnson and the section added to E.O. 10289 remained on the books until President Ronald Reagan issued Executive Order 12608 on September 9, 1987 as part of a general clean-up of executive orders.[14] E.O. 12608 specifically revoked the section added by E.O. 11110 which effectively revoked the entire Order. By this time, however, the remaining legislative authority behind E.O. 11110 had been repealed by Congress when Pub.L. 97–258 was passed in 1982.
In March 1964, Secretary of the Treasury C. Douglas Dillon halted redemption of silver certificates for silver dollars. In the 1970s, large numbers of the remaining silver dollars in the mint vaults were sold to the collecting public for collector value. All redemption in silver ceased on June 24, 1968.

I have written this commentary to serve three purposes. First, to remind President Obama that, he already has all the authority he needs to order the US Treasury to start issuing currency. He just needs to pick up the phone when he goes into work in the morning and tell them he plans to revive Kennedy’s EO 11110. Obama has that authority. He does not need Congresses or anyone else’s permission.

My second purpose is to send a message to the Federal Reserve. My message is: If Obama does start issuing currency in accord with the Constitution and revive Kennedy’s EO 11110, and anything happens to him, then the owners of the Federal Reserve will be the first and most likely suspects.

My third purpose is to bring to all of the World’s debt ridden country’s that, there is an alternative to the International Banksters, you all have the power. All it needs is for one brave man or woman to actually follow the ‘Greenback’ solution, others will then follow suit and we will, finally, all be truly free of the enslavement that, we were all sold into.

You may be interested to know that, after the Union won the civil war and it was obvious that Lincoln would keep his ‘Greenback’s’ in circulation, he was assassinated. Popularized history portrays the assassination as the work of John Wilkes Booth, whom we are told, thought the outcome of the war would be reversed by Lincoln’s death (along with simply wishing to be more famous than his father Edwin Booth). But the historical truth is that 8 other conspirators were arrested and sentenced for the plot. Of the 8, one individual stands out. Samuel Arnold was convicted for being one of the core plotters, but was provided with a lawyer by no less a figure than Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, and then pardoned by President Andrew Johnson!

Following Lincoln’s death, Congress immediately repealed the Greenback law, celebrating the end of slavery by re-enslaving all America to the bankers! This method of economic slavery was later followed up by the remaining Western Governments, funded by the Rothschild’s.

In researching this post, I should like to acknowledge the talents of the following people and websites (amongst so many others), for their collective insight into all things Lincoln, Kennedy and Greenbacks.

They are:-



Greenbacks (a History)


 James-Neely: Gillan

To find what you seek in the road of life,
the best proverb of all is that which says:
“Leave no stone unturned.”
Edward Bulwer Lytton



Scottish Money

Scottish Notes are NOT Legal Tender in Scotland!

Many of you have probably heard the old chestnut about not being able to exchange your Scottish Notes when in London (or ‘down South’), as those folk tendering the money often get told that “it’s not legal tender here”, this then causes the person tendering the Scottish notes to get hot under the collar and start acting like the ignorant beast that he is, because the plain fact is that, it’s not Legal Tender down South and in fact any BANKNOTE including Scottish ones, are not even Legal Tender in SCOTLAND, never mind England! FACT!



See HERE See also the Bank of England’s web site HERE for more info on Notes and other interesting facts.

Pound Coin

Pound Coin

If you research the first site at the link above you will find that, in Scotland, there is a very strict technical meaning with regards to the term ‘Legal Tender’, there’s also a limit on the amount of coin of any denomination you can tender for payment of anything.


So, when we eventually achieve Independence, the first thing we should look at (after writing our own Constitution clearly outlining all of our rights), is sorting out a means of exchange (which is what money is at it’s simplest level), then two of the main stumbling blocks in our society are fixed at a stroke.

We also don’t need a ‘Lawful Bank’ or indeed any other kind of Bank, we set ourselves free from the need to be servant to our current monetary system (or indeed any other ‘system’) and instead become the masters of our financial world. To achieve this, we use as a basis, the historical precedent set by the former President of the USA Abraham Lincoln. Check out my earlier articles on this amazing man of vision HERE and HERE.

Too many people do not understand what money is and the sad fact of the matter is people are committing suicide every day, as a direct consequence of the control our Bankers have on us, due entirely to the fact that, we need money to purchase all of our everyday necessities, as we’ve forgotten how to grow our own food, care for our livestock and build our own homes  This has in turn enslaved us and we ourselves let it all happen, due to greed and brainwashing, the clever use of language against us and evil and corrupt people everywhere. The good men stood by, whilst the evil men inherited the world and enslaved us all.

Fortunately, there were those brave individuals throughout history that tried to warn us (read my quotations piece or see the main site for more on that subject), often these people were assassinated or killed, because the Bankers realised they were too dangerous to be allowed to live. We have been warned by many prominent people throughout the centuries and we have always ignored them, treating them as lunatics or fanatics. You were allowed to think of them as poor deluded souls. But, they understood what was going on, these people were thinkers, revolutionaries, men of vision and compassion. Sadly, their words were often met with indifference and apathy. The very same characteristics of a people that, are all to prevalent today. So come on everyone WAKE UP!. Now is the time to seize back the instruments of power that have been stolen from us, assert our own truth and our new found ideologies, only then will we achieve real, ever lasting peace and freedom.

Our country could rise to be the best place to live in the world, if we would just adopt these few simple changes. Read the put down that was printed in the LONDON TIMES of Abraham Lincoln’s ‘Greenback’ Plan (below), by the International Money Men, to see the truth of it and why WE should want it now.

“If that mischievous financial policy, which had its origin in the North American Republic, should become indurated down to a fixture, then that Government will furnish its own money without cost. It will pay off debts and be without a debt. It will have all the money necessary to carry on its commerce. It will become prosperous beyond precedent in the history of the civilized governments of the world. The brains and the wealth of all countries will go to North America. That government must be destroyed, or it will destroy every monarchy on the globe.”

The Bankers obviously understood. The only thing that continues to be a threat to their power is sovereign governments printing interest-free and debt-free paper money. They know it would break the power of the International Bankers. So, as the current Debt Crisis spirals out of control, due to these insidious Central Banks who control our monetary systems and with it corrupt our Politicians who are the servants of these money men, when in reality they are meant to be our political servants. It is desirous to return to the fiscal policies of Abraham Lincoln and re-introduce them today, without delay.

This situation must change now and I will be producing my own TWENTY point Manifesto soon (including the above two points), for any political party willing to make the changes mentioned and bring real stability, prosperity and peace to Scotland.

All the other Countries in the World should follow suit, default on your debts, ruin these Bankers, free the World, people everywhere spread the truth of this Article to everybody you know, see the wisdom and the genius in it.

“… (we) gave the people of this Republic the greatest blessing they have ever had – their own paper money to pay their own debts…” Abraham Lincoln

Save lives, save your sanity, end wars and starvation. The list of good that can be done when we are in control of our money and not the Bankers, is truly limitless.

It is a fact that, there’s too many sheep out there and even when someone takes the time to begin the process of enlightening them, they still want to be led. A new Shepard is all  that has resulted from their awakening but the fences still exist. Don’t be led…ask questions of those who would lead you, be prepared for many disappointments, but, in the end, you must follow your own path. I often use the words of Buddha at the end of my emails (or articles on this blog site) to inspire others into seeking their own ‘truth’, I will finish with one of my own personal favourites, as I find it to be both profound and apposite…

“Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumoured by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.”

You may be interested to know that ‘Buddha’ means ‘Awakened One’, someone who has awakened from the sleep of ignorance and sees things as they really are. See, I told you…APT! Read more on Buddha here



Peace to you all, James-Neely: Gillan